“History is laden with belligerent leaders using humanitarian rhetoric to mask geopolitical aims. History also shows how often ill-informed moralism has led to foreign entanglements that do more harm than good.”1
The Berlin Wall fell, the Soviet Union collapsed, and the world clamoured for the consumerist boom in an orgy of free-market excitement. Everything seemed to suggest that only liberal capitalist democracy allowed people to thrive in an increasingly globalized world, people were thinking about a future of freedom, of peace, with democratic states; it seemed like the end of history defined by Francis Fukuyama’s in his landmark essay. But history isn’t over, China’s ‘Marxist capitalism’ suggests you can have wealth without freedom, the advance of ISIS may herald a new, state-oriented Islamic fundamentalism, and free markets have not only enlarged the gap between rich and poor, but have also reduced average incomes across the developed and developing countries.
Superpowers playing chess with geopolitical moves: The greatest threat to United States power is the rise of China. While the USA is dissipating its power through failed military interventions, China is extending its power by economic policies that add to its economic strength, and another actor appears on the scene: Russia’s president Vladimir Putin, and not just a simple actor, a smart one, He is coming out on top of this era of geopolitics. Lots of scenes and actors in the geopolitics’ World, let’s talk about Germany, India, Iran, Israel, Iraq, and the ones mentioned before: USA, Russia and China.
Some would say the fall of the Berlin Wall was the end of history, but it was just a new beginning, the end of history as the world has known it was the start of a modern history. To this day, the Berlin Wall remains one of the most powerful and enduring symbols of the Cold War, “before the wall was built, Berliners on both sides of the city could move around fairly freely: They crossed the East-West border to work, to shop, to go to the theatre and the movies”, a symbol of division. But today there might be cases like that but most of the division is in our minds is like we have a wall in our heads that makes us think we cannot cross a line that will reunite people. Individuality is stronger, most noticeable on ‘superpowers’, they think only on getting what they want no matter what it’s gone on their way.
That take us to analyse Germany’s role in history. Germany has been involved in lots of scenes in history like world wars, the country has resisted great hits, has fallen but stood up on its feet over and over again. German citizens had been destroyed but today even though they remember their history not to repeat, they don’t go around talking about it, they want to keep moving forward. We have Germany’s role in today’s scenarios, the government has taken a main role in the European Union, there’s a crisis now and the German leader Angela Merkel keeps showing their protagonism. It is like if Germany does not talk no one would ever do it, or it might be that if someone else does talk no one would pay attention; or at least that is what it seems. Germany looks like a smart player on the chess board, it wants to look like the good one, the one that helps and cares about people, but we only know what we see from the outside.
“The deployment of Russian military forces to Syria is a major geostrategic inflection. Its significance goes far beyond the situation in Syria. It may well herald, in fact, a new era in global geopolitics and security.”2.
Russia was asleep, at least people thought that, but now it is awake, making smart geopolitical moves with the main actor in front, Vladimir Putin. He says to the world that the actions are not about Russia, there is not personal interest, and they are just thinking globally, not only sharing responsibility, but also trying to find mutually acceptable solutions and compromise, Russia goes through negotiation and through force; but is it true? Putin has shown to be smart enough to go on geopolitical movements in a great way, all going on his favour, and European Crisis has given him a really good opportunity he wouldn’t let go.
“President Barack Obama is deploying a subtle geopolitical strategy that, if successful, might give Washington a fighting chance to extend its global hegemony deep into the 21st century.”3.
Many think of Barack Obama as a well-meaning but naive and weak reformer, but he “hopes to counter China by leveraging American economic power through the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, which will create a global trade bloc from which China and also Russia will be locked out”, giving him the opportunity to maintain the United States in the map of the superpower economies, Obama has faced criticism from the left and right, from US citizens (home) and foreign people, treating him like someone who does not understand reality, but we should give him some credit on the way he has tried to repair the damage caused by a plethora of Washington foreign policy debacles, how he has tried to rebuild United States’ fading influence in the globe, give him this credit does not mean he has been smart enough, I think he is going by slow steps and in two rows did not do anything with significance but it is better to have someone doing almost nothing to change world order that someone making disasters.
Israel, Iran, Iraq and India were like chess pieces being played by someone else, but today they might be realizing their importance on the world. I think people can analyse how these countries will act in geopolitics and change world order but we cannot predict the future, we are not sure what is going to happen; but we know they are important for the main players in this moment, like the USA and Russia.
Colombia, Is Colombia really important for this geopolitical game? I say yes, yes because of its geographical condition, Colombia is the only country in South America connected to both the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean, it could have relevance, and important move made by this president is the Peace talks, even though he knows peace is not only with FARC, he got attention from around the world, he is on the news, he is looking like a peaceful man, he is just strengthening his image, I hope that show is worth the pain of Colombian people, but I think the country and all countries need to recover real politics, when leaders care about people and not just about themselves, leaders with geopolitical intelligence, but I am just picturing an almost perfect world for most of us, but I think the world is going to keep moving the way it is doing know, with unexpected actors that can change the flow.
The game is on and it will keep going on as long as people get obsessed with power and wanting to have control over everything, and will keep going on as long as it is needed.
Daniela Toro Becerra
- Samantha Power